Dentures are removable dental appliances that replace missing teeth and thus restore smiles. Dentures make it easier to speak and eat better than you could while suffering from missing teeth.

About Dentures

There are many different reasons for the loss of teeth. Tooth decay, gum disease, and facial injuries can cause tooth loss. Loss of teeth can lead to functional and aesthetic issues. Missing teeth can make it hard to talk and chew food. Tooth loss can also cause the facial muscles to sag. Dentures replace the missing teeth and improve functionality and appearance. 

Dentures are replacement devices for missing teeth. They are designed to look natural and are made of various materials like acrylic, nylon, or metal. Dentures can be used in the replacement of one tooth, several or all of the teeth. Certain types of dentures can replace all of the teeth and the surrounding gum and tissue.

Indications for Complete Dentures

Complete dentures are full-coverage oral prosthetic devices that replace a complete arch of missing teeth. The following are indications for this type of dental prosthesis:

A Full Arch of Missing Teeth

Dental implants that have been deemed inappropriate by patient and/or doctor because of financial constraints, a medically compromised status that contraindicates surgery, or inevitable damage to vital structures such as maxillary sinuses, nerves, and vessels. In this case, dentures are used to replace the missing teeth.

Intraoral cancer that has caused a loss of gross intraoral tissue, resulting in an edentulous dental arch; the complete denture prosthesis would then not only replace teeth but also fill in the portion of missing tissue (eg, nasopharynx, hard palate).

An Edentulous Maxillary Ridge

A maxillary complete denture is used to restore the upper ridge and a mandibular partial cast denture is placed to restore mandibular partial edentulous regions.

Types of Dentures

There are many different types of dentures available today. Some of them are:

Conventional Complete Dentures

These are dentures that are fabricated using acrylic resin and that rely on the alveolar ridge, saliva, and other supporting structures for retention.

Immediate Complete Dentures

These are dentures usually delivered immediately after all remaining teeth of a dental arch are removed. During the healing process, this denture helps to confine the remodeling of the underlying ridge to the interior of the denture. Ordinarily, this type of denture must be relined periodically as the underlying tissues heal and remodel. Usually, after 6 months, a conventional complete denture is indicated (ie, a new denture).


These are dentures that fit over usually two or more roots that have been salvaged and stabilized. These dentures can also fit over dental implants that have been placed. With overdentures, locator attachments are sometimes secured within the remaining roots or within placed dental implants, and these components are known to improve retention. Roots and dental implants help to preserve bone, and the added retention is known to be greater than conventional complete dentures alone.

Partial Dentures

A removable partial denture usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by a metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth.  Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw.

Dentures Care And Maintenance

It is essential to take care of your dentures and maintain them to increase their lifespan and to prevent any damage to your gums and teeth. It is important to treat dentures like you would treat your natural teeth. In particular, removable and partial dentures require proper care, or else they get stained and may also lead to dental problems. 

You will receive denture care instructions when your treatment is completed. Good oral hygiene and eating habits, alongside regular dental visits, will aid in increasing the lifespan of your dentures.

How Can I Clean My Dentures?

The most important thing to do for dentures care and maintenance is properly cleaning your dentures. It is advisable to keep the dentures clean so that you do not have inflamed gums or damage any teeth further. 

Clean your dentures at least once a day, though it will be better to clean them twice a day. Not cleaning your dentures regularly not only affects your oral health but also makes your dentures deteriorate quickly. If you don’t clean your dentures regularly and properly, then they get stained and accumulate germs and bacteria that will grow over time. This makes your dentures worn and smelly, and also increases the risk of bad breath and damage to your gums and teeth. 

Cleaning dentures doesn’t mean simply rinsing them in water. So, if you are wondering how to clean your dentures, here is a way:

Dentures Repairs

Denture repair is a major aspect of dentures care and maintenance. While dentures are designed to last many years, daily wear and tear can weaken your dentures. This makes it more likely for them to get damaged or to break. That is when you should get your dentures repaired as soon as possible.

Another reason why dentures need repair is that they may no longer fit the way they should. The jawbone tends to change over time, and so your dentures may need minor adjustments and repair as time goes by. 

The three most common types of denture repairs are:

It can be tempting to try and repair your dentures at home, but that is very risky. Denture repairs can be very delicate and if not done properly it is possible for the dentures to be damaged further. That is why it is essential to get your dentures repaired by a dental professional.

How Much Do Dentures Cost?

If you’re thinking about getting dentures, then you must be wondering how much dentures cost. It is hard to give an estimate of the cost of dentures, as it depends on many different factors.

Some of the factors that influence dentures cost are:

Major insurance companies cover partial or full costs of the dentures treatment depending on your plan and also the insurance companies. Usually, up to 50% of dentures cost is covered by insurance.

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Dr. George Orfaly

About Dr. George Orfaly

Dr. George Orfaly is a Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry and has been practicing as a dentist in Salem, MA since 2005. He has consistently improved the lives of his patients by providing them relief, confidence, and healthy smiles. He believes that oral health is directly related to overall health and well-being. Dr. Orfaly has also been an active member of the American Dental Association, Massachusetts Dental Society, and North Shore District Dental Society.

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